Overcoming Covid technical debt: If it doesn’t bring you joy, ditch it!
With half of IT managers across Australasia admitting they are struggling with the legacy of IT systems hastily assembled during the pandemic, it's time to get out of the shadow of Covid technical debt.
That’s according to analyst group IDC Research, who at its Futurescape 2021 event earlier this year predicted that technical remediation efforts would cause “financial stress, inertial drag on IT agility and a forced march migration to the cloud” for many businesses.
Thousands of them scrambled to stand up digital systems last year and moved to remote working on an unprecedented scale. As 2021 has progressed and we’ve all spent time in lockdown once again, those systems and working practices could be drawn on for some time to come.
“Everything was done in haste, it was very ad hoc in nature,” Louise Francis, Research Director ANZ and Country Manager New Zealand for IDC Research, told the Futurescape 2021 audience.
“So this is where we expect businesses to focus in the next two years. And this is about filling those gaps, filling those shortcomings that appeared during the crisis,” she says.
When it comes to remote working, 34% of Australian and New Zealand businesses surveyed by IDC said that their workforce would continue to work primarily from home following the Covid-19 vaccine rollout.
“What we’re seeing now is much more interest around hybrid by design,” she says.
Half of businesses surveyed were tipped to increase spending to better secure and enable that hybrid workplace where employees would divide their working week between the office and home.
“Businesses really now want to make that sustainable,” adds Francis.
“So how do you make sure that the teams are fit for that new environment? How do you make sure that they have the skills to operate remotely or work in a hybrid environment?”
Moving to the cloud, ‘at a fairly good clip’
Many of the IT systems that were established in 2020 were cloud-based, which allowed them to be rolled out quickly. That has forced the hand of many businesses to accelerate their cloud migration. According to IDC, prior to the pandemic, 62% of New Zealand businesses were in ‘proof of concept’ or the early stages of their cloud migration.
“We were already moving at a fairly good clip in Australia and New Zealand before the pandemic, but the pandemic took hold and started to shift those business models.”
Now 65% of businesses say they favour a hybrid cloud model as they built on 2020’s efforts. That means they want a solution that combines private cloud elements with public cloud services. It fits with one of the major themes in 2021, says Francis, with resilience and business continuity improvements seen as major priorities.
The pandemic meant continued uncertainty, but geopolitical risks had also risen during this time of unease.
“We’ve seen trade war escalations, we’ve seen misinformation going out from governments, from businesses or from people. And we’re going to see this tension continue,” Francis says.
But the relentless march is to the digital world, with IDC predicting that 65% of global gross domestic product (GDP) will be digitalised by 2022.
IDC’s Vice president for IoT and Telecommunications, Hugh Ujhazy, told the Futurescape 2021 conference that fragile IT systems would soak up cash flow and reduce agility this year.
“Marie Kondo says, make sure it brings you joy,” advised Ujhazy, referencing the Netflix star, famous for helping people tidy their homes.
“When you’re cleaning your house, or your IT infrastructure, make sure that it’s bringing significant value to the enterprise. Then focus on doing those things,” he says.
The problem of competing initiatives
A second crucial factor was getting buy-in from the top when it came to progressing IT initiatives.
“This is not a departmental manager, but a CEO initiative. So we all really get focused on one path. Our surveys showed that one of the biggest challenges in transforming infrastructure or anything, was dealing with competing initiatives,” he says.
“Without a clear vision for how you want to change, you end up getting in each other’s way.”
IDC sees Microsoft’s debut with a hyper-scale data centre region in New Zealand as very significant and one that shows the maturity of the New Zealand market.
“This is something that’s been percolating in the background for a few years now,” Francis told Umbrellar Connect.
“Scale has always been given as an excuse for not setting up in New Zealand. But providers such as Microsoft are finding that there is an appetite for these data centres,” she says.
Microsoft’s data centre move a ‘really positive thing’
The attractive cost structure of public cloud services, reduced latency and the benefit from a data sovereignty standpoint of having local data retained on local hyper-scale infrastructure were all compelling benefits of the Azure platform coming to New Zealand, she added.
“We also see that once there is an in-country node, governments become a lot more comfortable with using these platforms,” added Ujhazy.
“We’ve seen the state governments and the federal government in Australia migrating heavily to the cloud and really creating a cloud-first view, which gives everybody just that a little bit more comfort. So I think it’s a really positive thing.”
- Cloud-Centric IT: By the end of 2021, based on lessons learned, 60% of New Zealand enterprises will put a mechanism in place to shift to cloud-centric infrastructure and applications twice as fast as before the pandemic
- Edge Acceleration: Through 2023, reactions to changed workforce and operations practices during the pandemic will be the dominant accelerators for 75% of edge-driven investments and business model changes in most industries.
- Hybrid by Design: By 2023, two-thirds of NZX companies will commit to providing technical parity to a workforce that is hybrid by design rather than by circumstance, enabling them to work together separately and in real-time.
- Remediate Technical Debt: Through 2022, coping with technical debt accumulated during the pandemic will shadow 50% of CIOs, causing financial stress, inertial drag on IT agility, and “forced march” migrations to the cloud.
- Digital Resiliency: In 2022, enterprises focused on digital resiliency will adapt to disruption and extend services to respond to new conditions 50% faster than ones fixated on restoring existing business/IT resiliency levels.
- Automation Platforms: By 2023, an emerging cloud ecosystem for extending resource control and real-time analytics will be the underlying platform for all IT and business automation initiatives anywhere and everywhere.
- Opportunistic AI Extension: By 2023, driven by the goal to embed intelligence in products and services, one in ten NZX companies will acquire at least one ai software start-up to ensure ownership of differentiated skills and IP.
- ICT Ecosystem: By 2025 65% of enterprises will overhaul relationships with suppliers, providers, and partners to better execute digital strategies for ubiquitous deployment of resources and for autonomous IT operations.
- ICT Joins Circular Economy: By 2025, 85% of NZX companies will mandate reusable materials in IT hardware supply chains, carbon neutrality targets for providers’ facilities, and lower energy use as prerequisites for doing business.
- People Still Matter: Through 2023, a third of enterprises’ hybrid workforce and business automation efforts will be delayed or will fail outright due to underinvestment in building IT/Sec/DevOps teams with the right tools/skills.
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